was born and raised in Tennessee, then moved to East St. Louis,
where he was baptized and became a Pentecostal evangelist. In
the 40s he moved to Milwaukee,where he worked as a porter and
maintained a storefront church. He began making art in his mid-50s.
painting banners and carving the reliefs and dioramas for which
he is now known. His work was included in the landmark "Black
Folk Art: 1930-1980" exhibition at the Corcoran in 1983,
and many others.